|| SafeCare Docs || Arthritis Relief Center || Auto Injury Center || Chiropractic Care || Massage Therapy || Migraine Relief Center || Neck Pain Therapy || Neuropathy Center || Spinal Decompression ||
Arthritis Relief Center
Sometimes called degenerative joint disease or degenerative arthritis, osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common chronic condition of the joints, affecting approximately 27 million Americans. OA can affect any joint, but it occurs most often in knees, hips, lower back and neck, small joints of the fingers and the bases of the thumb and big toe.
In normal joints, a firm, rubbery material called cartilage covers the end of each bone. Cartilage provides a smooth, gliding surface for joint motion and acts as a cushion between the bones. In OA, the cartilage breaks down, causing pain, swelling and problems moving the joint. As OA worsens over time, bones may break down and develop growths called spurs. Bits of bone or cartilage may chip off and float around in the joint. In the body, an inflammatory process occurs and cytokines (proteins) and enzymes develop that further damage the cartilage. In the final stages of OA, the cartilage wears away and bone rubs against bone leading to joint damage and more pain.
Although OA occurs in people of all ages, osteoarthritis is most common in people older than 65. Common risk factors include increasing age, obesity, previous joint injury, overuse of the joint, weak thigh muscles, and genes.
Symptoms of osteoarthritis vary, depending on which joints are affected and how severely they are affected. However, the most common symptoms are pain and stiffness, particularly first thing in the morning or after resting. Affected joints may get swollen, especially after extended activity. These symptoms tend to build over time rather than show up suddenly. Some of the common symptoms include:
Sore or stiff joints – particularly the hips, knees, and lower back – after inactivity or overuse.
Here are ways OA may affect different parts of the body:
Osteoarthritis (OA) pain, swelling or stiffness may make it difficult to perform ordinary tasks at work or at home. Simple acts like tucking in bed sheets, opening a box of food, grasping a computer mouse or driving a car can become nearly impossible. When the lower body joints are affected, activities such as walking, climbing stairs and lifting objects may become difficult. When finger and hand joints are affected, osteoarthritis can make it difficult to grasp and hold objects, such as a pencil, or to do delicate tasks, such as needlework.
Many people believe that the effects of osteoarthritis are inevitable, so they don’t do anything to manage it. OA symptoms can hinder work, social life and family life if steps are not taken to prevent joint damage, manage pain and increase flexibility.
The pain, reduced mobility, side effects from medication and other factors associated with osteoarthritis can lead to negative health effects not directly related to the joint disease.
Knee or hip pain may lead to a sedentary lifestyle that promotes weight gain and possible obesity. Being overweight or obese can lead to the development of diabetes, heart disease and high blood pressure.
People with osteoarthritis experience as much as 30 percent more falls and have a 20 percent greater risk of facture than those without OA. People with OA have risk factors such as decreased function, muscle weakness and impaired balance that make them more likely to fall. Side effects from medications used for pain relief can also contribute to falls. Narcotic pain relievers can cause people to feel dizzy and unbalanced.
The primary focus of care at Integrative Physical Medicine will be to restore the normal alignment of joints throughout the body. It has been demonstrated through animal and human studies that bones that are not in their proper positions are more likely to degenerate quicker and therefore are more prone to the development of osteoarthritis.
Since our office looks at all aspects of health, our treatment programs will include various forms of physical therapy, nutritional, and supplemental advice. These forms have treatment have been shown in various studies to prevent and slow the development of osteoarthritis. If you fear that you have developed osteoarthritis or are concerned about its development, please contact Integrative Physical Medicine in to schedule an individualized consultation today. Our integrated medical team can help you get back on your feet.
Osteoarthritis is a chronic (long-term) disease. There is no cure, but treatments are available to manage symptoms. Long-term management of the disease will include several factors:
One of the most beneficial ways to manage OA is to get moving. While it may be hard to think of exercise when the joints hurt, moving is considered an important part of the treatment plan. Studies show that simple activities like walking around the neighborhood or taking a fun, easy exercise class can reduce pain and help maintain (or attain) a healthy weight.
Strengthening exercises build muscles around OA-affected joints, easing the burden on those joints and reducing pain. Range-of-motion exercise helps maintain and improve joint flexibility and reduce stiffness. Aerobic exercise helps to improve stamina and energy levels and also help to reduce excess weight. Talk to a doctor before starting an exercise program.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recommends that everyone, including those with arthritis, get 150 minutes of moderate exercise per week.
What is polymyalgia rheumatica, who does it affect, what are the causes, and how is it diagnosed? Learn about the different treatment options available. […]
Mobility aids are designed to help people with their independence and reduce pain. What types of mobility aids are there and who can benefit from them? […]
Scientists have uncovered a way to 'program' immune cells to cause less damage to the body, by tapping into a 'broken' chemical pathway in inflammation. […]
Torn meniscus is perhaps the most common type of knee injury. Learn about the causes of this cartilage tear, the symptoms, and how it is treated. […]
Peroneal tendonitis affects the tendons, and can make movement difficult and painful. Learn about the causes, treatments, and outlook for this condition. […]
DNA strands in materials act like traffic signals to start, stop cell activity or regenerate tissue. […]
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common arthritis for children. What are the causes, what are the subtypes, and how might it be managed long-term? […]
Reactive arthritis is a painful type of inflammation that can occur in the legs and back. Find out about the symptoms and how to treat this condition. […]
A new study provides insight into why women are more likely to develop OA than men, and estrogen and microRNAs in synovial fluid may hold the answer. […]
Study suggests that the arthritis drug certolizumab pegol is safe to use in pregnancy, after finding little to no placental transfer from mother to child. […]
In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), self-reactive T cell responses cause inflammation and progressive damage to synovial joints. […]
Sarcoidosis is a chronic inflammatory condition which causes persistent granulomas. It can affect any organ, but most often affects the lungs. […]
Gene mutations accumulating in cells are typical of the development of cancer. […]
Dermatomyositis is a condition characterized by rashes and muscle weakness. In this article, learn about which treatments can manage the condition. […]
Eating more than two portions of fish every week was found to reduce disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, a new study reveals. […]
In this article, learn about the rare disorder, adult-onset Still's disease. What are the causes, the different treatments available, and the outlook? […]
Researchers find that drug being tested for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis may also hold the key to preventing aortic valve stenosis. […]
Following an exercise routine can help people with ankylosing spondylitis manage their symptoms and slow the progression of the condition. […]
in this article, learn about ankylosing spondylitis which is a type of arthritis. What are the symptoms, how is it diagnosed, and how might it be treated? […]
Clinicians and researchers in Southampton are leading a pioneering study into the use of computer-generated hand models to help improve the success of joint surgery for patients with arthritis. […]
In a pivotal phase-3 clinical trial led by a Stanford University School of Medicine investigator, patients with psoriatic arthritis for whom standard-of-care pharmaceutical treatments have provided... […]
What foods and nutrients are beneficial for ankylosing spondylitis and what foods should be avoided? What supplements are recommended? […]
A new meta-analysis of two large cohort studies finds a link between a high intake of fiber and painful osteoarthritis of the knee. […]
A review finds that vitamin D is involved in sleep and pain regulation and proposes that vitamin D supplements and good sleep hygiene may help manage pain. […]
Ankylosing spondylitis may begin in the spine but what is it, what are the symptoms, and how is it diagnosed? What are the causes and complications? […]